The Desert of the Real
The transition from signs that dissimulate something to signs that dissimulate that there is nothing marks a decisive turning point. The first reflects a theology of truth and secrecy (to which the notion of ideology still belongs). The second inaugurates the era of simulacra and simulation, in which there is no longer a God to recognize his own, no longer a Last Judgment to separate the false from the true, the real from the artificial, as everything is already dead and resurrected in advance.
When the real is no longer what it was, nostalgia assumes its full meaning.
Jean Baudrillard has died